How Long Does the LLC Domestication Process Take?

Breakdown of the time involved in LLC domestication or conversion proceedings

LLC domestication—known in some states as LLC conversion1—is usually the most efficient way to fully transfer an LLC from one state to another. Compared to other alternatives, LLC domestication provides the most seamless method to change the law that applies to an LLC without disrupting business operations.

The domestication or conversion process includes at least three different parties, each of whom have different roles:

  1. The document preparer;
  2. The business owners/managers; and
  3. The state agencies.

The length of the LLC domestication or conversion process depends on how long it takes each party to the process to fulfill its respective role.

The Document Preparer’s Role in the LLC Domestication Process

As explained in our discussion of LLC domestication costs, the LLC domestication process is labor-intensive. It requires someone to prepare the documents necessary for the domestication, communicate with the state agencies, and coordinate the domestication process. If the preparer is unfamiliar with LLC domestication or does not properly manage his or her caseload, the preparer’s turnaround time can lengthen the LLC domestication process.

Need your LLC transfer documents done quickly?

As the document preparer in the process, our team works hard to ensure that the document preparation and return process is as efficient as possible. You can expect all documents to be returned within a week of receiving the necessary information, and in many cases, much sooner. Our team is dedicated to prompt communication with state agencies and business owners and managers, giving you the peace of mind that your LLC transfer is in good hands.

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The Business Owner’s and Manager’s Role in the LLC Domestication Process

The owners and/or managers of the LLC provide information, review and sign documents, and act on behalf of the LLC. Once the preparer—or, in some cases, a state agency—delivers a document to the owners or managers for review and signature, progress on the LLC domestication usually stops until the owner or manager is able to complete the review and sign the documents.

The State Agencies’ Role in the LLC Domestication Process

Documents must be filed with the Secretary of State (or corresponding governmental division) for the state or commonwealth that the LLC is moving from and the corresponding agency for the state or commonwealth that the LLC is moving to.

Although some state agencies offer expedited services for an additional fee, in most cases, the LLC domestication process will involve waiting on the agency to assign an examining agent. Once that happens, the agent reviews the document and either accepts it or asks for small modifications.

Attorney Practice Note: State agency response times have been unpredictable since the beginning of the COVID pandemic but have improved in recent months. Still, most businesses can expect a wait of at least a few weeks before hearing back from the state agency.
  1. Of the 36 states with statutory procedures for changing the jurisdiction of an LLC, 22 use the term domestication and 14 use the term conversion.